The first is Moss Campion, which comes in several colors. These were white and purple.
This next is called Diapensia or Cushion Plant. It looks a lot like Moss Campion, but the petals are more rounded and cupped.
This one has me stumped. I am going to go to a bookstore tomorrow and find a better wildflower book. If anyone knows what this one is, I would appreciate knowing. The petals are purple and white, and clumped into clusters. Height is about 6-7".
And finally, here is some Lupine I found in the Lakeview Campground at 8,500 feet. It is much taller since it does not have to fight the wind:
At least this is a good start at learning plant names. I will be adding more as I photograph and identify them.